2018 – ongoing | Radical & gender-critical feminism
In early 2018 I became interested in radical and gender critical feminism, and their perspective on questions about sex, gender, and gender identity; and the ethical and political questions arising from proposed legal changes to sex-based rights. Apart from the below, I’m working on a book of essays, and I’ve written quite a bit for the media (see the ‘Media articles‘ tab on this site).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. Gender-Critical Feminism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022).
+ Hauskeller, Michael., & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Gender’, in Michael Hauskeller (Ed.) The Things That Really Matter: Philosophical Conversations on the Cornerstones of Life (London: UCL Press, 2022).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Trashing and Tribalism in the Gender Wars‘, in Noell Birondo (Ed.) The Moral Psychology of Hate (Moral Psychology of the Emotions), (Rowman & Littlefield, 2022), Chapter 10, pp. 207-233.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Ending sex-based oppression: transitional pathways‘, Philosophia 49 (2021), pp. 1021-1042. (Audio version here).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly., & Megarry, Jessica. ‘Is There Collective Responsibility For Misogyny Perpetrated On Social Media?’ Carissa Veliz (Ed.) Oxford Handbook of Digital Ethics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021) [online first].
+ Fine, Cordelia., Sojo, Victor., & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Why does workplace gender diversity matter? Justice, organizational benefits, and policy’, Social Issues and Policy Review 14/1 (2020), pp. 36-72.
+ Sojo, Victor., Fine, Cordelia., Lawford-Smith, Holly., Yang, Alicia., Verspoor, Karin. ‘The ‘Good, Bad and Merit’ Arguments in Australian News Coverage of Workplace Gender Diversity: Big Data Topic Modelling and Qualitative Analyses of Five Years (2014 – 2019) of High-Circulation Australian Newspapers‘. Melbourne, Australia: The University of Melbourne & VicHealth (2020).
2012 – 2019 | Climate ethics & collective responsibility
In my more recent and ongoing work, I’m interested in theoretical questions about collective action, collective agency, collective responsibility, and collective punishment. I’ve worked on what kinds of groups can be the authors of actions and therefore be responsible for what they do (2015a), how groups come to have obligations and responsibilities (2016e), the difference between individuals and groups when it comes to the kinds of obligations they have (2016c), and whether it’s permissible to punish some kinds of groups (2018; 2019a; 2019c). These research topics have also taken me into questions about individual responsibility for what collectives and non-collective groups do. I’ve looked at individual responsibility for unethical global consumption (2015b; 2018), global climate change (2014; 2016d; 2016a; 2017a; 2017d; 2019b), and both race and class privilege (2016b; 2017e). In my (2019a) book, I focus in particular on how these issues about collective action, agency and responsibility, and individuals’ implication in it (if any), apply when it comes to the nation state and its citizens. On that topic see also (2017b; forthcoming).
+ Collins, Stephanie., & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘We the People: Is the Polity the State?’ Journal of the American Philosophical Association, forthcoming.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. Not In Their Name: Are Citizens Culpable For Their States’ Actions? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019a).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Democratic Authority to Geoengineer’, Critical Review of Social and Political Philosophy, 14/1 (2019b) [online first].
Himmelreich, Johannes., & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Punishing Groups: When External Justice Takes Priority Over Internal Injustice’, The Monist 102/2 (2019), pp. 134-150.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘What’s Wrong With Collective Punishment?’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 3/CXVIII (2018).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Does Purchasing Make Consumers Complicit In Global Labour Injustice?‘ Res Publica 24/3 (2018), pp. 319-338.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘The Comparative Culpability of Stratospheric Aerosol Injections and Ordinary Carbon Emissions’, Ethics & International Affairs 31/4 (2017a).
+ Collins, Stephanie., & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Responsibility for States’ Actions: Normative issues at the intersection of collective agency and state responsibility’, Philosophy Compass (2017b) [early view].
+ Currie, Adrian. & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Accelerating the Carbon Cycle: the Ethics of Enhanced Weathering‘, Biology Letters 13/4 (2017d).
+ Dunham, Jeremy., & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Offsetting Race Privilege‘, Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 11/2 (2017e).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Climate Matters Pro Tanto, Does It Matter All-Things-Considered?‘ Midwest Studies in Philosophy XL (Special Issue ‘Ethics and Global Climate Change’) 40/1 (2016a), pp. 129-142.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Offsetting Class Privilege‘, Journal of Practical Ethics 4/1 (2016b), pp. 23-51.
+ Collins, Stephanie. & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Collectives’ and Individuals’ Obligations: A Parity Argument‘, Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46/1 (2016c), pp. 38-58.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Difference-Making and Individuals’ Climate-Related Obligations‘, in Clare Hayward & Dominic Roser (Eds.) Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016d) pp. 64-82.
+ Collins, Stephanie. & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘The Transfer of Duties: From Individuals to States and Back Again‘, in Michael Brady & Miranda Fricker (Eds.) The Epistemic Life of Groups (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016e) pp. 150-172.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘What ‘we’?‘ Journal of Social Ontology 1/2 (2015a), pp. 225-250.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Unethical Consumption and Obligations to Signal‘, Ethics & International Affairs 29/3 (2015b), pp. 315-330.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Benefiting from Failures to Address Climate Change‘, Journal of Applied Philosophy 31/4 (2014), pp. 392-404.
2007 – 2012 | Political feasibility
In my earlier work, I was interested in understanding when a political proposal counts as “feasible” and why. This took me into thinking about the distinction between ideal and non-ideal normative theory (2010a), and into developing a non-binary account of political feasibility that could accommodate both hard and soft kinds of constraints (2011; 2012c; 2013b). I also started thinking at this time about whether there’s an answer to the question of what agents ought to do when they can’t or won’t do the best thing (2013a), about what kinds of philosophical arguments are most motivating for ordinary people (2010b; 2012a), and about how considerations about feasibility apply from the individual to the group case (2012b). More recently, I’ve collaborated on some experimental work about the relation between ability and obligation (2017).
+ Kurthy, Miklos., Lawford-Smith, Holly., & Sousa, Paulo. ‘Does Ought Imply Can?’ PLOS One 12/4 (2017) [early view].
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Non-Ideal Accessibility‘, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2013a), 653-669.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Understanding Political Feasibility‘, Journal of Political Philosophy 21/3 (2013b), pp. 243-259.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘The Motivation Question: Arguments from Justice, and from Humanity‘, British Journal of Political Science 42 (2012a), pp. 661-678.
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘The Feasibility of Collectives’ Action‘, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90/3 (2012b), pp. 453-467.
+ Gilabert, Pablo. & Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Political Feasibility: A Conceptual Exploration‘, Political Studies 60 (2012c).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Cosmopolitan Global Justice: Brock v. The Feasibility Sceptic‘, Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric (Issue 4, 2011).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Ideal Theory: A Reply to Valentini.’ Journal of Political Philosophy (Vol. 18, No. 3, 2010a, pp. 357-368).
+ Lawford-Smith, Holly. ‘Feasibility Constraints and the Cosmopolitan Vision: Empirical Reasons for Choosing Justice Over Humanity.’ Questioning Cosmopolitanism, ed. Stan van Hooft and Wim Vandekerhove. Dordrecht: Springer, 2010b.